In order to understand the meaning of the term asepsis, it is first necessary
to discover what its etymological origin is. In this case, we can say that it is
a neologism that was shaped, within the field of medicine in the 19th century,
but that it comes from the Greek. Thus, we can establish more accurately that it
is the result of the sum of several different elements:
-The prefix "a-", which is a prefix of negation that means "no".
-The noun "sepsis", which can be translated as "putrefaction".
-The suffix "-ia", which is used to indicate quality.
The concept is used to name the absence of septic elements:
that is, of pathogens that can cause disease.
asepsis is the state of that which is free from infection. The
notion is also used to name medical processes that, through
different actions, allow the body to be protected from the action of infectious
To ensure asepsis, doctors, nurses, and other health personnel must
ensure the sterility of the instruments and clothing they
use. For sterilization, you can resort to thermal, chemical or physical methods
that eliminate pathogens and ensure asepsis. In this way, when they are in
contact with a patient, infections do not occur.
The idea of surgical asepsis is used to name sterilization
of the environment where invasive interventions are carried out on a person's body. In
an operating room, bacteria cannot exist: otherwise, when an individual
undergoes surgery, the microbes could enter their body and trigger an
infection. For this reason, scalpels, scissors and the rest of the surgical
instruments are sterilized.
In relation to asepsis in the operating room, we can emphasize that a series
of important actions must be carried out, such as these:
-The temperature of the place must be between 18º and 21º C, while the humidity
must be between 50 % and 60%.
-As for the clothes to wear in the operating room, it is established that the
pajamas must be wide, green, cotton and no one should leave the surgical area
with them. The caps will be breathable and will cover all the hair while the
masks must have 95% filtration.
-The clogs must be clean and have to be made of rubber, because they are much
easier to clean.
-Surgical washing is hand washing that is carried out with the appropriate
product before putting on the gown and gloves to enter the operating room.
It is known as antiseptics, moreover, the substances that
act ensuring the asepsis, inhibiting the growth of infectious microorganisms or
destroying. For this reason, when a localized infection erupts, a doctor may
indicate the use of an antiseptic with the aim of reversing it.