The term assignment comes from the Latin assignatio. It
is about the act and the result of assigning: indicating,
establishing or granting what corresponds. According to
the concept of assignment can be used with
reference to the amount stipulated as salary or for another
kind of perception.
For example: "The government announced an increase in the Universal Child
Allowance", "The State promised to pay a family allowance to help meet
the unsatisfied basic needs of those who are unemployed", "The
business chamber agreed to a non-remunerative allocation of 6500 pesos ”.
In Argentina, since 2009, there is the Universal
Child Allowance for Social Protection. This allowance is paid to
unemployed individuals, who have an informal job (in black) or who receive an
income below the minimum wage established by law, paying a
benefit for each of their children who are under 18 years of age. If
the children are disabled, there is no age limit.
The idea of allocation is also used with reference to granting,
distributing, or allowing something. Often referred to as
resource allocation, in this framework, to name how the funds are
distributed in an organization or entity. A mayor, to cite a
case, must decide how to allocate municipal resources that are under his
Resources can also be people if we analyze the concept from a corporate point
of view. Large companies hire tens or hundreds of employees to cover a wide
range of activities, generally ranging from accounting and marketing related
issues to those that lead to the creation of the products or services they offer
to the market.
Although in this era there is a high degree of organization within the
business environment with respect to the tasks performed by
each employee, depending on the category, a project may require a series of
modifications on the campus to meet a very demanding launch date. or to
accommodate the incorporation of new talents temporarily or permanently.
In a case like this, the allocation of resources consists not only of
investing money and materials in the most convenient way, but also of assigning
to each person the jobs that best suit their abilities to
minimize the extent of the process.
The assignment of the venue of an event to a country or
a city, on the other hand, implies that said territory will host certain
activities. The 2018 Soccer World Cup, in this sense, was
assigned to Russia.
In the field of computing, it is known as memory allocation to the
process of dedicating RAM memory to a particular process, and
this can be carried out statically or dynamically, depending on the case.
The static memory allocation is the act of allocating part
of the memory leading to a program while it is going through
the compilation process, ie before execution occurs. In the case of dynamic
allocation, this takes place at runtime, as required by the program.
When resources are limited, software developers can use various techniques to
optimize memory allocation and thus run very demanding programs on less powerful
devices. It is important to note that if the processor allocates two programs
the same memory space, errors of varying severity may occur, depending on the
amount of unsaved work or the data being overwritten. This
error is quite common in certain operating systems, and leads to an apparently
spontaneous restart of the computer.